Effects of Manipulative Instruction on Solving Area and Perimeter Problems by Students with Learning Disabilities

Manipulative instruction is effective in improving the problemā€solving performance of middle and high school students with a learning disability in mathematics. Teachers’ use of manipulatives when explaining an abstract concept helps students with a mental model to express their thinking. Independent practice with the manipulative through workstations can improve student performance.  Nicole Shanahan, Math Director, at Harris County Department of Education works diligently with schools to support teachers in the classroom with this practice to ensure that teachers are using manipulatives to ensure student success.

For more information, contact nshanahan@hcde-texas.org.

A 21st Century Learning Promise: I promise to do all I can to keep the spark of curiosity, creativity, and learning alive in every child; to help all children discover their talents, develop their passions, deepen their understanding, and apply all this to helping others, and to creating a better world for us all. -author unknown

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