Manipulative instruction is effective in improving the problem‐solving performance of middle and high school students with a learning disability in mathematics. Teachers’ use of manipulatives when explaining an abstract concept helps students with a mental model to express their thinking. Independent practice with the manipulative through workstations can improve student performance. Nicole Shanahan, Math Director, at Harris County Department of Education works diligently with schools to support teachers in the classroom with this practice to ensure that teachers are using manipulatives to ensure student success.
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